Asset Forfeiture Report: Michigan


 


 
Grades*
Forfeiture
Law Grade

State Law Evasion Grade

 Final
Grade
Michigan

 

Forfeiture Law
Michigan has bad civil forfeiture laws—and law enforcement there uses equitable sharing extensively.  Michigan requires prosecuting attorneys to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the property is related to a crime and thus subject to forfeiture.  This standard is significantly lower than the beyond a reasonable doubt standard required to actually convict someone of criminal activity.  However, owners in Michigan are presumed innocent; unlike in most states, the government bears the burden of establishing that the criminal activity was done with an owner’s knowledge or consent, implied or expressed. 

On the other hand, law enforcement receives all proceeds of civil forfeiture to enhance law enforcement efforts, creating an incentive to pursue forfeiture more vigorously than combating other criminal activity.  As the numbers below indicate, multi-jurisdictional task forces work extensively with district attorneys and police departments to forfeit property, resulting in more than $149 million in total forfeiture revenue from 2001 to 2008.



Press Releases and News

State Press Release

 

From the Report: Canine Sniffs Yield Unreliable Evidence for Forfeiture
 
   
   
     



 
 


 

 

Forfeitures as Reported to LEMAS (Drug-related only)

 

Total Assets
Forfeited

Assets Forfeited per
Law Enforcement Agency

1993

$12,567,115

$59,539

1997

$14,535,079

$23,065

2000

$22,398,134

$39,112

2003

$18,995,124

$38,059

 

Equitable Sharing Proceeds from the Assets Forfeiture Fund (AFF)

 

Proceeds Returned to State

FY 2000

$4,514,721

FY 2001

$7,536,367

FY 2002

$4,792,256

FY 2003

$5,414,143

FY 2004

$4,616,839

FY 2005

$13,494,514

FY 2006

$9,645,997

FY 2007

$8,551,255

FY 2008

$13,272,447

Total

$71,838,539

Average per Year

$7,982,060

 

Freedom of Information Data

Reports of forfeitures from law enforcement agencies, task forces and district attorneys

 

Police and Sheriff

Task Forces

District Attorneys

Total

2001

       

Currency

$5,750,076

$2,521,717

$539,549

$8,811,342

Personal
Property

$1,632,330

$177,885

$53,559

$1,863,774

Real Property

$890,644

$294,585

$0

$1,185,229

Conveyances

$559,649

$590,953

$92,550

$1,243,152

Total

$8,832,699

$3,585,140

$685,658

$13,103,497

2002

       

Currency

$7,007,821

$3,497,601

$325,419

$10,830,841

Personal
Property

$1,249,053

$239,467

$475

$1,488,995

Real Property

$686,396

$400,740

$54,000

$1,141,136

Conveyances

$1,058,946

$539,575

$18,050

$1,616,571

Total

$10,002,216

$4,677,383

$397,944

$15,077,543

2003

       

Currency

$11,572,489

$3,800,983

$179,160

$15,552,632

Personal
Property

$1,224,164

$185,111

$38,185

$1,447,460

Real Property

$722,227

$876,196

$65,000

$1,663,423

Conveyances

$1,071,210

$694,159

$58,605

$1,823,974

Total

$14,590,090

$5,556,449

$340,950

$20,487,489

2004

       

Currency

$10,450,632

$2,522,419

$479,154

$13,452,205

Personal
Property

$343,933

$366,302

$99,495

$809,730

Real Property

$1,041,665

$303,684

$127,027

$1,472,376

Conveyances

$1,250,040

$736,539

$52,255

$2,038,834

Total

$13,086,270

$3,928,944

$757,931

$17,773,145

2005

       

Currency

$12,564,861

$3,632,905

$272,902

$16,470,668

Personal
Property

$241,687

$296,456

$46,033

$584,176

Real Property

$274,018

$409,389

$40,000

$723,407

Conveyances

$4,951,493

$768,396

$272,902

$5,992,791

Total

$18,032,059

$5,107,146

$631,837

$23,771,042

2006

       

Currency

$9,814,586

$3,228,727

$264,364

$13,307,677

Personal
Property

$272,864

$620,179

$117,501

$1,010,544

Real Property

$307,465

$559,298

$45,126

$911,889

Conveyances

$1,975,297

$806,535

$26,580

$2,808,412

Total

$12,370,212

$5,214,739

$453,571

$18,038,522

2007

       

Currency

$13,594,846

$3,703,000

$228,346

$17,526,192

Personal
Property

$256,096

$671,016

$86,969

$1,023,081

Real Property

$246,535

$531,298

$0

$777,833

Conveyances

$1,852,968

$835,730

$29,040

$2,717,738

Total

$15,959,445

$5,741,044

$344,355

$22,044,844

2008

       

Currency

$9,798,402

$4,793,565

$907

$14,592,874

Personal
Property

$311,675

$555,436

$0

$867,111

Real Property

$150,500

$406,109

$95,394

$652,003

Conveyances

$2,176,200

$749,216

$2,000

$2,927,416

Total

$12,436,777

$6,504,326

$98,301

$19,039,404

Grand Total

$105,309,768

$40,315,171

$3,710,547

$149,335,486

Grand Average
per Year

$13,163,721

$5,039,396

$463,818

$18,686,936



*Learn how states were graded and how data was collected

Return to Forfeiture Main Page

Email Address
Please enter a valid email address
Share

Institute for Justice
901 N. Glebe Road, Suite 900
Arlington, VA 22203
Tel 703.682.9320, Fax 703.682.9321
© 1997-2014